Homer Davenport

Homer Davenport


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Homer Davenport nasceu em Silverton, Oregon, em 1867. William Randolph Hearst empregou Davenport como cartunista político em seu jornal, o San Francisco Examiner. Em 1895 Davenport mudou-se para Hearst's New York Journal. Na época, Hearst estava envolvido em uma batalha de circulação com Joseph Pulitzer e seu New York World. O papel de Davenport era competir com Richard F. Outcault, o popular cartunista de Pulitzer.

Durante a campanha presidencial de 1896, Hearst e Davenport apoiaram William Jennings Bryan contra o candidato republicano William McKinley. Como McKinley tinha um histórico impecável na política, decidiu-se concentrar o ataque em seu gerente de campanha, Mark Hanna, o industrial de sucesso. Após a eleição, ele produziu um desenho, explicando como havia transformado Hanna em uma imagem de ganância e manipulação.

Thomas Platt, o proeminente político republicano, respondeu ao ataque de Davenport a Mark Hanna tentando persuadir a legislatura de Nova York a aprovar um projeto de lei anti-cartoon. Davenport retaliou comparando Platt a Robert Tweed, o ex-chefe político corrupto de Nova York que havia sido derrubado pelos cartuns de Thomas Nast em Harper's Weekly.

William Randolph Hearst fez de Davenport o cartunista mais bem pago da América, mas isso não o impediu de mudar para Harper's Weekly. Ele também mudou seu apoio dos democratas para os republicanos. Davenport também fez campanha contra trustes de empresas e trabalho infantil.

Homer Calvin Davenport morreu em 1912.


Www.ourtownlive.com

Homer Davenport não é o único Davenport notável.

Basta perguntar a Ann Davenport Vasconi, que pode rastrear nove gerações de Davenports na América.

A história local de Davenport começa com o Dr. Ben e Sarah Davenport que reivindicaram uma propriedade nas colinas Waldo em 1851.

“Sarah teve cinco filhos e o caçula foi Ben Jr., meu bisavô”, disse ela.

Olhando para um livro que ela criou sobre a história de sua família, ela aponta todas as maneiras pelas quais os Davenports contribuíram para sua comunidade e estado, incluindo o pai de Homer, Timothy Davenport, que em muitos aspectos teve um impacto maior & # 8211 pelo menos no crescimento de Oregon & # 8211 do que Homer. Ser uma Davenport, disse ela, é parte de sua herança, algo de que ela se orgulha.

“Os Davenports foram pessoas importantes em Silverton e têm uma longa história. Homer era neto do Dr. Ben ”, disse ela, acrescentando que é prima em terceiro grau de Homer.

Formada em 1947 pela Silverton High School, Ann foi escolhida como a grande marechal do Homer Davenport Parade deste ano.

“Fiquei chocado e não esperava por isso”, disse Ann, acrescentando que foi escolhida para representar seu bisavô, Dr. Ben Davenport, que era um veterano da Guerra Civil.

O prefeito de Silverton, Rick Lewis, disse que o comitê de Homer Davenport selecionou um tema de veteranos militares para o desfile de 2015 no centro de Silverton no sábado, 8 de agosto, 10 da manhã.

O tema é “Silverton Veterans & # 8211 A Legacy of Service”.

“Queremos o maior número possível de veteranos no desfile deste ano”, disse Lewis, acrescentando que gostaria de agrupar os veteranos militares na ordem da época em que serviram (Segunda Guerra Mundial, Coréia, Guerra Fria, Vietnã, Tempestade no Deserto, Liberdade do Iraque, Liberdade Duradoura e qualquer período de tempo intermediário).

Lewis disse que o comitê do desfile está trabalhando para conseguir o uso de vários reboques de plataforma para transportar os veteranos que não conseguem suportar a caminhada no trajeto do desfile.

“Também estamos providenciando a participação de alguns veículos militares restaurados no desfile”, disse Lewis. “O Silverton Delbert Reeves American Legion Post também está ajudando no esforço de planejamento para fazer do desfile deste ano & # 8217s um tributo especial aos nossos veteranos militares do passado e do presente.”

O morador de Silverton e historiador local Gus Frederick estabeleceu como meta colocar o Davenport de volta nos Dias de Davenport. Ele apresentará "Quem diabos é Homer?" na Biblioteca de Silver Falls às 13h30 e 15h00 em 8 de agosto.

Frederick disse que Ann tem um conhecimento intenso da história de sua família. Ann e sua filha, Frederick disse, transcreveram T.W. Memórias manuscritas de Davenport dos arquivos da Universidade de Oregon.

“Ela tem sido útil para mim durante minha pesquisa em andamento”, disse ele.

Ann e Gus queriam que as pessoas aprendessem que não é apenas Homer que faz a diferença. “T.W. e seu irmão Ben eram muito ativos na política estadual. A esposa de T.W. & # 8217s Nancy, (Homer & # 8217s madrasta) foi ativa no movimento Woman & # 8217s Suffrage e hospedou Abigail Scott Duniway em várias visitas a Silverton. John Davenport, o outro T.W. irmão, era um defensor e amigo pessoal do Chefe Joseph ”, disse Gus.

Para Ann, rastrear a história de sua família por nove gerações na América é como resolver um mistério ou montar um quebra-cabeça.

Ex-professora e diretora, ela gosta de pesquisar a história de sua família e também de ajudar outras pessoas em suas pesquisas.

A reivindicação de terras de doação de 1851 ainda está em sua família, assim como a casa de origem, que completará 100 anos em 2016.

“Compreender a história de uma família ajuda a entender sua história”, disse ela.


Davenport Historical Society

O objetivo da Davenport Historical Society, Inc. é preservar a história da cidade e compartilhar essa herança, contribuindo para os registros do estado da Flórida e dos Estados Unidos da América em um esforço que irá abraçar nosso passado enquanto trabalhamos em direção a um futuro mais brilhante para todos dos cidadãos de Davenport.

Atende na 2ª segunda-feira
de cada mês às 18h30 na câmara de comissão

ABERTO AO PÚBLICO

Sem reuniões
Junho, julho e agosto

Ligar 863-258-7800 para confirmar os detalhes da reunião.

Docent Historic Walking Tours disponíveis

Mensagem do presidente e # 8217s

1º de outubro de 2020 dá início ao novo ano da Sociedade Histórica de Davenport.

Por favor, renove suas quotas de sócio ou se você deseja se tornar um novo sócio, envie para

DHS, PO Box 774, Davenport, FL 33836

Estamos procurando artefatos. Ao doar artefatos, inclua quem está contribuindo e um número de telefone para contato. Deixe cair artefato (s) no Centro de Cabelo de Linda no Mart.
Ligar 863-514-0886 .

Convite de Sócios

O objetivo da Davenport Historical Society, Inc. é preservar a história da cidade e compartilhar essa herança, contribuindo para os registros do estado da Flórida e dos Estados Unidos da América em um esforço que irá abraçar nosso passado enquanto trabalhamos em direção a um futuro mais brilhante para todos dos cidadãos de Davenport.

Por favor junte-se a nós. As reuniões são realizadas na segunda segunda-feira de cada mês às 18h30 em diferentes locais históricos., Exceto junho, julho e agosto, salvo indicação em contrário. Para endereço de e-mail: [email protected]

1. Torne-se um membro do DHS
& # 8211 $ 10,00 Associação individual
& # 8211 $ 18,00 Afiliação familiar
& # 8211 $ 35,00 Associação Empresarial
& # 8211 $ 75,00 Associação corporativa
& # 8211 $ 100,00 Associação individual vitalícia

2. Compartilhe artefatos ou histórias pessoais com o DHS e o Museu

3. Trabalho voluntário no DHS & amp Museum

Uma breve história da cidade de Davenport, Flórida

Antes de 1883, no centro da Flórida, em um cume de colinas, lagos cristalinos e belas florestas perenes, uma nova cidade estava para nascer. Dois anos antes, a maior parte do interior da Flórida era pantanosa e inadequada para a construção de casas. Índios seminoles amigáveis ​​ainda viviam na área. Hamilton Disston, um rico empresário do norte, comprou quatro milhões de acres de terra do governo e cavou canais do lago Tohopekaliga em Kissimmee ao lago Okeechobee, e canais para Fort Lauderdale e Fort Myers. Isso criou muitos hectares de terras férteis. . consulte Mais informação


Homer Davenport - História

A linhagem de Davenport foi estabelecida por Homer Davenport atuando principalmente nas décadas anteriores e posteriores a 1900 - de 1893 a 1912.
Davenport foi um ilustre cartunista político, jornalista, showman, amigo de Theodore Roosevelt, Buffalo Bill e outros, escritor, aventureiro, autodidata. Especialmente ele era um cavaleiro profundamente dedicado ao cavalo nativo da Arábia.
Em 1893, Davenport viu pela primeira vez cavalos árabes na Exposição Colombiana Mundial, geralmente conhecida como Feira Mundial de Chicago de 1893. Seu interesse por esses cavalos (que foram importados diretamente da Arábia sob os auspícios do Sultão Abdul Hamid, Imperador do Império Otomano ) foi intenso. Ele acabou possuindo vários deles.
Em 1906, seu amigo, Theodore Roosevelt, então presidente dos Estados Unidos, patrocinou uma viagem de Davenport à Arábia para comprar cavalos árabes. Davenport obteve 27 cavalos diretamente de fontes beduínas. Eles eram a principal exportação da Arábia de cavalos árabes autenticados conhecidos pelos beduínos árabes da época.
Na América, Davenport, em parceria com Peter Bradley da Hingham Stock Farm, formou um reprodutor desses cavalos. Os cavalos da importação de Davenport, aos quais podem ter sido acrescentados elementos secundários dos cavalos da Feira Mundial, constituíram a maior parte do estoque base da criação árabe americana, onde ainda hoje são importantes.
Desde a década de 1920, eles são chamados de "árabes de Davenport".
Os "árabes de Davenport" também podem ser definidos em termos de sua forma física. Como seus ancestrais do deserto, eles são um cavalo de tamanho moderado de 14 a 15 mãos. Seu movimento é adequado para adestramento ou equitação ocidental avançada. Eles mostram habilidade em competições de resistência. Os Davenports têm pele fina, olhos grandes, largura entre as mandíbulas, grandes caixas cranianas e disposições amigáveis ​​e receptivas. Eles incorporam vários tipos diferentes de cavalos árabes que estavam presentes na Arábia, desde um tipo musculoso bem equilibrado e moderadamente ereto até um tipo mais ereto, de corpo mais leve e elegante. Eles são insuperáveis ​​como cavalos de companhia. Ao mesmo tempo, eles têm coragem suficiente para um treinamento sério. Cavaleiros experientes dos EUA, Canadá, Holanda, Alemanha, Líbano e Arábia Saudita comentaram sobre os cavalos Davenport das Fazendas Craver como ilustrativos do autêntico cavalo árabe beduíno.

O texto acima foi copiado com permissão de Charles Craver. Para obter informações mais detalhadas sobre os cavalos Davenport e livros para publicação, Ver Craver Farms


Homer Davenport - História

O ano dessa aventura foi 1906. O nome do homem era Homer Davenport. Ele tinha 39 anos. Ele se tornou uma figura nacional como o cartunista político mais conhecido da época. Em 1906, essa era uma posição muito mais proeminente do que é agora porque os jornais eram pequenos e os cartuns políticos eram uma grande parte da apresentação pictórica na maioria das edições. Se você pegou o papel, viu o desenho animado.

Davenport já havia apoiado o partido democrata, mas, durante a campanha de Theodore Roosevelt à presidência, ele decidiu mudar de lado. Os dois homens tiveram uma entrevista amigável. Pouco depois disso, Davenport divulgou um desenho mostrando o Tio Sam em pé atrás de Roosevelt com a mão em seu ombro dizendo "Ele é bom o suficiente para mim". O desenho foi amplamente usado na campanha. Como homem político, Roosevelt tinha bons motivos para ser grato por um poderoso golpe de publicidade.

Quer isso fosse um fator ou não, havia um favor que Davenport queria. Não custaria nenhum dinheiro aos contribuintes dos Estados Unidos e, algum dia, poderia beneficiá-los. O favor foi nada menos do que o presidente usar a influência de seu cargo para ajudar Davenport na importação de cavalos árabes do deserto da Arábia, de onde tais exportações foram então proibidas pelo governo turco. Os cavalos árabes em 1906 eram mais criaturas de ficção do que de fato. Quase ninguém nunca tinha visto nenhum. Havia menos de cem no país. Eles deveriam ser animais maravilhosos, mas mais no reino de criaturas exóticas do que mera carne de cavalo. O presidente estava sendo convidado a endossar um projeto que beirava a "extravagância".

Não era um tipo de projeto incomum para Homer Davenport porque era um homem que vivia em uma dimensão um tanto diferente da maioria. Ele tinha o rápido senso de humor que se espera de um cartunista, e isso permeia tanto sua obra escrita quanto sua arte. Ele era vegetariano. Ele não se importava em usar café ou tabaco. Ele gostou de uma boa ideia. Ele também gostava das pessoas e parecia ter o dom de deixar as ocasiões sociais se expandirem tanto quanto podiam. Seus amigos de sua cidade natal em Silverton, Oregon, contam que nas viagens para casa de sua vida mais urbana no Leste, ele se vestia com roupas formais e, em seguida, fazia um passeio de buggy pelo campo para visitar antigos vizinhos, que deve ter causado uma boa impressão no ar informal do noroeste.

Davenport tinha um senso incomum da beleza e individualidade dos animais. Um capítulo inteiro de seu livro sobre a viagem à Arábia é escrito com muita simpatia - embora com humor - sobre um cachorro que decidiu vir também. Ele tinha uma coleção de pássaros exóticos que em 1906 continham mais de quatrocentas espécies. Além dos pássaros, havia vários tipos de cães, cabras angorá, ovelhas persas, burros sicilianos e - antes mesmo da importação - uma coleção de cavalos árabes de dezesseis. 1

Ele começou a se interessar por cavalos árabes quando era menino, quando seu pai lhe contara histórias sobre beduínos em seus cavalos maravilhosos. À medida que envelhecia, o interesse foi reforçado. Finalmente, na Feira Mundial de Chicago de 1893, ele viu a exposição de árabes. Eles o fascinaram e, ao saber que os cavalos haviam sido vendidos em leilão após a Feira, ele começou a perguntar para onde eles haviam ido. Eventualmente, ele encontrou a maioria deles na posse de um cavaleiro rico, Peter Bradley, de Hingham, Massachusetts.

Se o amor pelos cavalos árabes é uma doença, e talvez seja, há um padrão típico nisso. Após a primeira exposição, geralmente há um período de incubação de vários períodos de tempo. Uma vez que o estágio agudo irrompe, a vítima torna-se muito rápida e totalmente envolvida com o assunto. Não leva muito tempo para que o neófito desenvolva o estábulo que sua carteira pode suportar. Além disso, lê tudo o que encontra sobre cavalos árabes e fica a conhecer todos os que estão a uma distância possível de viagem.

Pode-se presumir com segurança que a doença seguiu seu curso normal com Davenport. Em sua primeira visita para ver os cavalos do Sr. Bradley, ele comprou um deles. Em 1904, ele chegou a importar um garanhão da Inglaterra, * N EJDRAN, uma bela castanha, e em 1906, antes de sua viagem ao deserto, ele nos diz que praticamente todos os cavalos remanescentes do Chicago World Fair estavam em seu estábulo. 2 Ele pode não ter possuído todos estes porque em algum momento ele e o Sr. Bradley parecem ter estabelecido alguma forma de parceria com relação aos cavalos árabes, mas pelo menos ele os tinha em sua fazenda e estava em posição de aprender sobre os cavalos árabes cavalos de um estudo de primeira mão de indivíduos criados no deserto.

N os treze anos decorridos entre a Feira Mundial de Chicago e sua importação em 1906, Davenport tivera outras oportunidades excelentes de se educar no assunto dos cavalos árabes. As linhagens árabes neste país incluíam indivíduos importados representando as linhagens da Inglaterra, Egito e Rússia, além de animais vindos diretamente do deserto da Arábia. Em conexão com seu trabalho no jornal, ele viajou para a Inglaterra, e não é muito supor que ele estava familiarizado com as atividades e cavalos no Crabbet Park. Quase todo o material de base original em que nos baseamos no momento a respeito da criação de cavalos selvagens na Arábia já havia sido publicado em seu tempo, a principal exceção sendo os trabalhos de Carl Raswan.

Outra vantagem que Davenport desfrutou ao aprender sobre os cavalos árabes foi que ele foi poupado de algumas das distrações que obscurecem nossa visão hoje. A maioria dos cavalos que ele conhecia estava muito mais perto das fontes do deserto do que nossos cavalos. Não houve tanto tempo para que fossem moldados por padrões de excelência não beduínos, e de seu livro é óbvio que ele se esforçou para aprender e adotar esses padrões beduínos. Hoje estamos mais aptos a buscar nossos padrões no ringue, onde há variação de acordo com o estilo de árabe registrado que está em voga e também com quem está atuando como juiz.

Ao todo, Davenport teve uma boa oportunidade de se familiarizar com as diferentes formas de excelência que o cavalo árabe pode incorporar. Por seus escritos antes e depois da importação e por seus desenhos de cavalos, podemos ver que ele reconheceu os padrões de excelência do cavalo árabe que são compartilhados pelos melhores criadores de hoje. É assim que deveria ser porque temos esses padrões, em parte por causa dos legados por escrito e dos cavalos árabes que ele nos deixou.

Não sabemos muitos detalhes pelos quais sua viagem à Arábia foi planejada. O principal, é claro, foi que a ajuda do presidente Roosevelt foi solicitada com sucesso. Ao solicitar apoio para a expedição à Arábia, Davenport não estava simplesmente buscando a satisfação de um gosto pessoal pela coleta de animais exóticos. Sem dúvida ele tinha esse gosto, mas ainda assim articulou uma visão muito clara do lugar útil que previa que o cavalo árabe ocuparia na economia americana. Pouco antes de sua viagem, ele escreveu:

& quot Nisto, o início da era sem cavalos, parece inútil defender cavalos de qualquer tipo, mas devo sustentar que o cavalo árabe tem um lugar distinto à sua espera. O lugar é uma família estável, onde em virtude de seu tamanho, força, velocidade, temperamento doce, docilidade e hábitos prósperos ele é especialmente qualificado para ser o camarada amigo e servidor de mulheres, crianças pequenas e pessoas idosas. & Quot 3

No mesmo artigo, ele passa a discutir o valor do árabe para revigorar o cavalo puro-sangue.

Os primeiros criadores árabes neste país achavam que um dos usos importantes de seus cavalos seria a produção de matrizes para remontagens de cavalaria. Davenport e Bradley anteciparam que as vendas principais seriam para esse fim e para a produção de cavalos de pólo. 4 O apoio de Roosevelt à importação proposta parece ter sido baseado na condição de que os cavalos importados fossem usados ​​em um garanhão de cavalaria do governo dos EUA que foi projetado. 5 Na época, muitos militares ainda não reconheciam que a metralhadora, o arame farpado e o motor a gasolina haviam tornado a cavalaria obsoleta. Gostaríamos de pensar, também, que o projeto atraiu o presidente porque tinha elementos de aventura, romance e risco. Talvez ele não escapasse da sensação de que a carga até a colina de San Juan teria parecido melhor se fosse conduzida por um homem em um cavalo árabe branco.

Com a ajuda de Roosevelt, uma licença do sultão para exportação da Turquia de seis ou oito éguas foi obtida. Posteriormente, isso foi ampliado para incluir garanhões. Davenport foi acompanhado por outros. Dois jovens nova-iorquinos se apresentaram como voluntários para a viagem. Eles eram Charles Arthur Moore, Jr. e John Henry Thompson, Jr. A revista Woman's Home Companion contratada para artigos sobre a viagem. O parceiro mais importante era Peter Bradley. Ele é creditado por ter fornecido a maior parte do apoio financeiro e, após a importação, seu interesse pelos cavalos continuou, durando até a década de 1920.

Davenport não era homem de adiar a implementação de um esquema. Sua notificação de que tinha permissão para exportar éguas da Arábia foi datada de 4 de junho de 1906. Em 5 de julho, que deve ter sido um mês após o recebimento, ele e seus dois companheiros estavam a bordo do navio e a caminho do deserto.

Por volta de 4 ou 5 de agosto, os três chegaram à cidade de Aleppo, na Síria. Esta era uma antiga porta de entrada para o país beduíno, onde esperavam comprar cavalos. Aleppo em si não era um lugar encorajador. Antes de chegar, Davenport havia imaginado um lindo oásis no deserto. A cidade acabou sendo feita de pedra e lama, fedorenta e com ruas estreitas. Ele relatou que a temperatura era de 125 graus, com o sol "tão quente quanto poderia estar, sem queimar coisas".

Até este ponto, a viagem de Davenport foi bem planejada e realizada. Ele havia garantido o apoio do presidente para fazê-lo e obtivera permissão para exportar éguas da Arábia. Ele obteve ajuda financeira de Peter Bradley. Ele havia recrutado dois ajudantes competentes, Arthur Moore e John Thompson. Dois meses depois de receber a licença para exportação de éguas, ele estava na orla do deserto em Aleppo, e tinha o equipamento necessário para a viagem para o deserto. Ele havia providenciado o envio para a América de todos os cavalos comprados. Ele havia acrescentado um intérprete competente a seu grupo em Ameene S. Zeytoun, funcionário do Consulado Americano em Beirute.

Mas em Aleppo, seus planos cessaram. Sempre foi fácil para os ocidentais comprar cavalos na Arábia de negociantes de cavalos e outros, mas a maioria desses cavalos não são o que os estudantes do cavalo árabe consideram autênticos e não são, é claro, o estoque de sangue que Davenport queria. Até anos bem recentes, havia uma espécie de aristocracia beduína no deserto consistindo principalmente de tribos nômades criadoras de camelos cujo modo de vida era muito dependente da qualidade de seus cavalos, que eram usados ​​principalmente para caça e guerra tribal. Essas tribos representavam uma cultura de vida que existia no deserto da Arábia desde tempos muito antigos. Parte dessa cultura era uma devoção fanática a certos métodos de criação de cavalos. Era dessas tribos que Davenport queria fazer suas compras.

O problema era que, tendo chegado a Aleppo, não tinha planos de fazer contato com as tribos que tinham os cavalos que desejava. Para piorar a situação, seu cronograma de viagem não continha muito tempo para fazer esse contato. Outros importadores resolveram esse problema por meio de longas viagens no deserto, como foi em parte o caso dos Blunts que importaram cavalos alguns anos antes, ou trabalhando por meio de agentes, como os Blunts também fizeram e como era o método típico de compra dos ricos colecionadores egípcios.

Por falta de contato prévio, Davenport havia chegado a um ponto da expedição onde todo o projeto parecia prestes a fracassar. Em seu livro, ele comenta que

& quot quando você está em casa sentado no lado sombreado de sua varanda e planejando a exportação de cavalos árabes, há alguns detalhes que você ignora enquanto está sentado em uma cadeira de balanço confortável. & quot 7

No momento em que a situação se tornou muito desanimadora, aconteceu uma coisa extremamente sortuda que estava além do planejamento e não poderia ter sido melhorada. Como qualquer americano em uma cidade estrangeira, Davenport decidiu fazer compras. Em uma selaria, ele encontrou um beduíno que se ofereceu para levá-lo ao horário do representante diplomático das tribos Anazeh para o governo turco, um homem chamado Akmet Haffez. Não tendo nada a perder, Davenport, é claro, aceitou. Ele foi levado a uma casa de barro e pedra de dois andares nos arredores da cidade. A sala de audiência desta casa mostrava sinais de riqueza e, pela discussão de Davenport sobre os acontecimentos, deve ter sido o ponto focal de uma comitiva de pessoas.

O Davenport foi apresentado ao proprietário, Akmet Haffez. Sua descrição deste homem é digna de nota como uma indicação da propriedade e caráter da pessoa que posteriormente forneceu sua entrada para o deserto:

“Então, devagar e com passos largos como os de Sir Henry Irving, um nobre e idoso árabe se adiantou. Em qualquer lugar ele teria atraído atenção instantânea. Ele parecia um Grover Cleveland de bronze em seus últimos anos. Seus olhos brilhavam com sorrisos enquanto ele se curvava sobre os magníficos tapetes de seda. & Quot 8

Para compreender a visita entre os dois homens que se seguiu, teremos de considerar a situação política naquela parte específica do Império Otomano. Os beduínos árabes, representados por Akmet Haffez, eram na verdade um povo subjugado, mantido à força pela administração otomana. Sua lealdade era para com suas próprias estruturas tribais, e havia ressentimento em relação ao governo que os turcos lhes haviam imposto. (Este mesmo ressentimento foi alimentado em rebelião aberta apenas alguns anos depois por T.E. Lawrence como parte da Primeira Guerra Mundial)

Um kmet Haffez era uma pessoa importante para os beduínos. Ele serviu como ponto de contato entre várias das tribos e as autoridades turcas e também parece ter participado na venda de camelos, cavalos e, sem dúvida, outros produtos do deserto. É de se perguntar, entretanto, se ele parecia tão importante para os funcionários turcos com quem lidava quanto para si mesmo e para seus clientes beduínos. Afinal, ele era um velho analfabeto que vivia na periferia da cidade em uma casa que não era nenhum palácio, e ele não tinha uniforme e nenhum grande compromisso do sultão. Ele provavelmente foi tratado com condescendência oficial. Para um homem orgulhoso, isso irrita. Akmet Haffez parece ter suportado isso por trinta anos, que é o tempo que ele esteve longe de suas tribos do deserto.

Mesmo antes de conhecer Davenport, o velho beduíno parece ter sabido que um homem da longínqua América estava em Aleppo para comprar cavalos e que esse homem tinha uma autorização incomum para exportação assinada pelo sultão e uma carta de apoio de & quot, o grande xeque de todas as tribos américas. ”9 Este era um tipo incomum de visitante para a cidade de Aleppo, com suas casas de barro, ruas estreitas, cheiros e a temperatura de 125 graus Fahrenheit.

Em alguns países, a primeira coisa que um estrangeiro deve fazer ao entrar em uma área do governo é relatar sua presença às autoridades governamentais. Isso é o que Davenport deveria ter feito ao entrar em Aleppo. O governador, um homem bonito chamado Nazin Pasha, sem dúvida esperava isso. Se Davenport tivesse sido devidamente aconselhado por seu intérprete, ele teria feito a ligação apropriada. Ao visitar primeiro Akmet Haffez impulsivamente, ele mudou completamente o protocolo diplomático da área. Como visitante importante, ele prestou seus primeiros respeitos ao representante das tribos beduínas, e não ao governador turco. Este não era um problema pequeno entre um povo com um agudo senso de honra pessoal. A reação de Akmet Haffez foi

& quot. você me visitou antes de chamar o governador de Aleppo e da Síria. Nenhuma tal honra jamais foi paga a um beduíno antes, e se eu vivesse até os cem anos de idade, meu menor escravo me honraria mais por esta visita. & Quot 11

Uma das maneiras tradicionais pelas quais os xeques e reis árabes homenageiam os visitantes é o presente de um cavalo. É assim que alguns dos melhores cavalos árabes deixaram a Arábia para terras estrangeiras. Akmet Haffez ficou tão afetado pela honra que a quebra de protocolo de Davenport trouxe a ele que deu ao artista um presente que provavelmente não poderia ter sido comprado. Era a égua W ADDUDA de sete anos. Ela havia sido a montaria pessoal de um dos mais poderosos xeques beduínos, que a havia apresentado a Akmet Haffez.

Além de dar a égua a Davenport, Akmet Haffez disse a Davenport que o acompanharia no dia seguinte em uma expedição à tribo Anazeh, que era a tribo da qual os melhores cavalos podiam ser comprados. Acontece que essa tribo em seu caminho anual de migração ficava a apenas dez horas de viagem de Aleppo. Seria o primeiro retorno de Akmet Haffez às suas tribos em muitos anos. Davenport não poderia ter solicitado em lugar nenhum um guia melhor para o deserto.

Numerosos viajantes do Deserto da Arábia relataram que, uma vez que um visitante reclama a hospitalidade do chefe de uma família, mesmo que ele seja um inimigo, ela é estendida a ele sem reservas. Isso pode ter sido parte do código de conduta subjacente que rege as ações de Akmet Haffez. Davenport lhe prestara uma honra, sem dúvida, mas, além disso, o telefonema constituía um pedido de ajuda, que foi então fornecido em proporção ampla às necessidades.

Tendo dado W ADDUDA a Davenport e após informá-lo de que atuaria como guia na viagem de compra de cavalos, Akmet Haffez o acompanhou na visita ao Governador de Aleppo que deveria ter sido feita antes. Talvez um pouco de & quotone up-manship & quot estivesse envolvido aqui. O velho beduíno recebeu o visitante primeiro. Ele havia lhe dado uma égua valiosa e ele havia organizado os negócios posteriores da expedição. Isso deixou pouco para o governador fazer a não ser ser um funcionário social. No dia seguinte, o placar ficou um pouco equilibrado quando o governador deu a Davenport um garanhão de igual valor à égua presente.

Durante a viagem seguinte ao deserto, Davenport colocou-se completamente nas mãos de Akmet Haffez. O governador de Aleppo ofereceu-lhe uma guarda de doze soldados. Teria sido prudente ter aceitado a oferta porque o grupo carregava uma quantidade substancial de dinheiro em ouro, além de suprimentos, todos os quais seriam prêmios atraentes para invasores beduínos. Davenport recusou o guarda alegando que a presença de Akmet Haffez valia mais do que um exército. Por mais que estivesse de acordo com seu próprio estilo de vida, ele se esforçava para se enquadrar no estilo de vida beduíno, comendo como seus anfitriões, seguindo suas cerimônias. Seus companheiros, Moore e Thompson, adotaram as roupas beduínas, mas Davenport manteve sua vestimenta ocidental. Em geral, porém, e com prazer e senso de propriedade, ele se permitiu encaixar na vida de seus anfitriões beduínos. Esse não era o papel usual de um estrangeiro de terras ocidentais. Talvez um viajante sem o calor da personalidade de Davenport e o amor pela situação social incomum não pudesse ter feito isso. Talvez, também, houvesse poucos contemporâneos de Davenport da cidade de Nova York que teriam a coragem de partir para uma parte supostamente selvagem do mundo, como o deserto da Arábia, sob a custódia de um velho beduíno que conheceu apenas um uma ou duas horas antes. Davenport era um idiota correndo onde um anjo mais sábio poderia recuar ou ele era um bom juiz de caráter e circunstância que havia avaliado seu homem e sabia o que ele estava fazendo. Havia mais em jogo do que a compra de cavalos árabes. Se Akmet Haffez fosse menos do que Davenport imaginava, Davenport e seus dois companheiros de viagem poderiam descobrir que sua viagem ao deserto era uma questão de mão única.

Acontece que o desânimo teria sido uma reação totalmente inadequada. Akmet Haffez foi recebido como uma pessoa importante pelas tribos do deserto. Como convidados, Davenport e seu grupo compartilharam o calor da recepção dada ao seu anfitrião. A amizade entre Davenport e Akmet Haffez cresceu. Antes que a viagem terminasse, os dois homens passaram por uma cerimônia de irmão de sangue. Isso pode parecer um pouco como um rito de fraternidade universitária para os americanos de hoje, mas, no contexto da Arábia Beduína de 1906, era um assunto sério, tendo implicações importantes no que diz respeito ao relacionamento entre os dois homens. Para Davenport, foi no mínimo um incidente interessante e simbólico em toda a viagem romântica. Para o velho beduíno, significava que Davenport fazia parte de sua família pessoal e reivindicava os direitos de parentesco.

A mecânica real da compra de cavalos foi administrada por Akmet Haffez. He arranged for horses of interest to be brought for Davenport's consideration. He established what he felt to be a fair price and bargained towards it. Davenport called him the " wisest old horse trader of the desert ." 12 The manner in which horses were exchanged was of particular interest in that it was so different from our procedures in western society.

" W hen the Bedouins were showing a horse, or mare, it was quite a relief to see an animal where the defects, if any, were never concealed. they just brought the horse and squatted down by him. No attempt was made to straighten his mane. If he had a blemish, they were more than likely to back him up to you so the blemish was the first thing you saw : 13 " A rabs will never set a price on their horses. Unless your price suits him he will lead his horse away, not will the desert Bedouin under any condition tell a lie about his horse's breeding ." 14 " When a price was finally agreed upon, Haffez always called me and the Bedouin to him. taking the right hand of each of us, he would join them then laying one of his hands over ours and pointing up, he would ask the Bedouin if he would swear before God as a witness, to ask the Sheikh of the tribe to put his seal on the bargain. Then if the Bedouin said yes, Haffez would toss the hands up and the deal was closed ." 15

T he point of vital importance to this manner of completing a bargain was that Akmet Haffez was establishing that the animal purchased was acceptable by the strictest Bedouin standards for breeding purposes. Such an animal was called "asil" or "chubby." At one place, Davenport was shown an attractive filly in the absence of Haffez. He asked the owner, a Circassian, if the animal was "chubby" and the owner told him that she was. Then Haffez came along and, finding out what was happening,

" gripped the Circassian by the right hand, and asked him to say to God that she was "chubby." If you ever saw a fellow pull loose quick, it was this Circassian. He yelled in his efforts to get away, and at the same time say the mare was 'chubby' to me (Davenport), but not to God ." 16

T he trip to the desert was not a lengthy one, but by the happy accidents of finding the perfect guide in Akmet Haffez and of arriving at Aleppo at a time when the tribes were concentrated and close at hand he was able to accomplish his purpose. Though there were, of course, complications, the trip from the desert to Alexandretta, the port of embarkation and thence to America via Italy were without major incident. Only one horse was reported as lost, a young stallion. His pedigree was retained with the notation that he had died. One particularly noteworthy bit of drama did occur. At the beginning of the return trip from the desert, Davenport purchased two young stallions. Their mother was a celebrated mare among the Bedouins. Akmet Haffez tried too buy her for Davenport without success, the owner riding away to consult his family about the sale and promising to come back the next day. He did not return but a messenger came with the word that the mare could be bought for an increase in price. Davenport sent the money, but the messenger returned without the mare, saying that the owner now wanted a revolver which one of the party had been carrying. This, too, was sent, and the messenger this time was Akmet Haffez's son, Fariot, accompanied by a soldier. This time they returned with the mare. The owner had again refused to close the deal, but the mare had been taken from him by force. Eventually, he was put in jail in Aleppo for having broken his word about wanting to sell the horse, the poor fellow clearly being the victim of insult added to injury. The name of the mare which was the occasion of all this was U RFAH . She and her son, H AMRAH , turned out to be two of the most influential animals of the entire importation.

T here was also unmistakable evidence of the value which the Bedouins placed on several of the other horses for their own use. W ADDUDA , the gift mare, had been the personal mount of Hashem Bey, the "supreme Sheikh" of the Anazeh. H ALEB , the horse which the Governor of Aleppo had presented to Davenport, was in extensive use as a breeding stallion by the Arabs between Nejd and Aleppo. 19 Thirty female camels had been offered for the repurchase of another of the mares., R ESHAN , 20 For one 20-day-old filly which had been purchased at the side of its mother, the former owner offered 65 pounds Turkish. 21 This was about half what Davenport had been advised by Akmet Haffez to pay for a first class Saqlawiyah mare, and it was a substantial price for a baby filly which would have to be raised as an orphan.

I t was of great importance to Davenport to get bloodlines which were in use among the Bedouin. This was easily enough determined by observation with the mares, which were mostly of useable age. The stallions, however, were for the most part little more than colts in age, and Davenport made the particular point in his catalogue that

" no colts were taken except those whose mothers had been of distinguished character in their war performances ." 22

In an interview for the New York Times shortly after the importation reached this country, he commented that

" we found many mares that we could not buy, as they did not allow all their female blood to pass out of the hands of the Anazeh tribe, but in all of those instances we bought horse colts from such mares ." 23

( 1) Robert Hobart Davis, "Davenport and His Farm," in Woman's Home Companion , November, 1906, p. 23

(2) Homer Davenport, My Quest of the Arab Horse , Best Publishing Company, Boulder, Colorado, p. 14

(3) Homer Davenport, "The Arabian Horse -- Its Present Place and Mission," in Country Life in America , (V. X, No. 4), August, 1906, p. 429.

(4) Homer Davenport, letter to Tom Davidson, July 9, 1906. (This letter furnished by Mr. E.J.Hathaway.)

(5) Albert W. Harris, The Blood of the Arab , The Arabian Horse Club of America, Chicago, 1941, p. 118

(6) Homer Davenport, My Quest of the Arab Horse , Best Publishing Company, Boulder, Colorado, p. 72.

(10) Davenport Desert Arabian Stud , catalogue for years 1909 and 1910. Best Publishing Col, Boulder, Colorado, reprint of 1967, p. 24

(17) Davenport Desert Arabian Stud , catalogue for years 1909 and 1910, Best Publishing Co., Boulder, Colorado, reprint of 1967, p. 30

(18) Albert W. Harris, The Blood of the Arab , The Arabian Horse Club of America, Chicago, 1941, p. 109

(19) Davenport Desert Arabian Stud , catalogue for years 1909 and 1910. Best Publishing Co., Boulder, Colorado, reprint of 1967, p. 30

(23) Homer Davenport, letter to editor New York Times , November 25, 1906, p. 8


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Erika and Jim Toler, with their dog Boon, on the porch of the GeerCrest farmhouse.

By Jim Toler, president and board chair of the GeerCrest Farm & Historical Society, Inc.

In 1898, Oregon voters were frustrated by what they saw as corruption in their state government. Votes were openly bought and sold in the legislature and the influence of the railroad and logging industry were generally put ahead of the public choice. The voters’ choice for governor in 1898 fell on a man whose record as a state representative and one Speaker of the House seemed like a way out of politics as usual.

The man was Theodore Thurston Geer. His first test for support of any legislation was if it would be good for the people. The public was not disappointed in Gov. Geer. Under his administration, the Oregon System was adopted, allowing citizens the right by petition to create ballot initiatives. So a vote on the initiative by a majority citizens could become law, thus bypassing the legislature. Geer’s failure to strictly adhere his party line caused the Republicans to drop support for him in 1902, so he did not return to office as governor. However, in the vote for U.S. Senator, in 1901 Gov. Geer was the people’s choice. During that time, the U.S. Senate seat was awarded by the party in power in the Senate and they did not choose Gov. Geer. Where did this young governor, who could be seen as a change agent in state politics come from?

In the early 17th century, two orphaned boys were sent by their uncle who was managing their father’s estate with a letter to the captain of a ship anchored in a harbor in England. Unknown to the boys, the letter instructed the captain to set sail with them aboard. Thus, Thomas, 12, and George Geer, 14, found themselves in Boston in 1635, having lost their estate with no evident prospects. There are no records of what befell the boys until records in the city of New London reveal George Geer was awarded property in nearby Ledyard, Conn. in 1650. George Geer achieved prominence in the region. His farm in Ledyard expanded and he lived to be 105 years old. But it is his legacy that matters to us. Generations of Geer descendants have served in America’s wars. They went forward to play important parts in politics, education, the arts and culture of the colony and became a part of the fabric of American society.

By the sixth generation, young Joseph Cary Geer, a veteran of the War of 1812, became the first of the family to venture west to Ohio. With his wife Mary and two towheaded boys, they set out in 1818 and established a farm on the Darby plains. He remained in Ohio until 1840 when the family again felt the pull of opportunity and moved to Knox County, Ill. to establish a fruit tree nursery. Times were difficult for farmers in the 1840s. America was in an extended recession, it was difficult to move crops to markets, if markets could be found, and they were beset by an “unhealthy climate” with diseases such as malaria prevalent.

News coming from the west of a new land some called the “Eden of the West” fell on fertile soil with the Geer family. Joseph had five grown sons and a daughter, most having families of their own, as well as three teenaged daughters. In 1845, the first of Joseph’s sons, Joseph Cary Geer Jr., 20, ventured west. He was most likely hired by a family emigrating to drive a covered wagon. So he may not have had a choice when the critical decision at Fort Boise was made to follow the old trapper Steven Meek in a so called shortcut to the Willamette Valley. Meek sought to cut straight across Oregon, and avoid the difficulties of the Blue Mountains and possible trouble with the Walla Walla and Cayuse Indians. The decision of some 200 families with all of their possession and livestock to follow Meek is today remembered as the Lost Wagon Train of 1845. Fortunately, Joseph Cary Jr. survived the ordeal. The opinion Joseph Cary Jr. had of the Willamette Valley must have been high. His message east to his father likely read “sell everything and come as fast as you can,” because that is what happened. Joseph Cary Geer Sr. led the 1847 exodus of his family, being joined by all of his adult children and their children still living in Illinois. They came west with Capt. Joel Palmer on his second Oregon Trail endeavor and the Oregon Geer branch of the Geer family was born. Oregon was not yet even a territory much less a state, uncertainties about their future hung over many. But it was truly a land of opportunities and men with dreams and fortitude found fertile ground for their germination.

Joseph Cary Geer’s wife Mary, after 33 years of partnership, died of complications of the arduous journey shortly after their arrival. Joseph remarried Elizabeth Dixon Smith, also a pioneer of 1847 who lost her husband in a similar way. Elizabeth’s story is well-known and often told in Oregon’s history. Her remarkable diary details many of the hardships of the journey and how she survived, destitute upon arrival in Portland with eight children. Joseph Cary and Elizabeth went on together to have three children and lived happily on his homestead across the Willamette River from Butteville. One of Joseph Cary Geer’s sons, Heman Geer married Cynthia Eoff shortly after his arrival in the valley. They homesteaded near Macleay. In 1851, Theodore Thurston Geer was born. He would rise in Oregon politics to become the first native born governor of Oregon. His story is told in his biography, Fifty Years In Oregon. A great grandson of Joseph Cary by his oldest son Ralph would rise to become the premier political cartoonist in America. Working from New York City for William Randolph Hearst, Homer Davenport was the highest paid salaried journalist in the country. His political cartoons, published in the Hearst newspapers, shaped opinions and helped steer the course of national politics. Homer Davenport’s close friends included Buffalo Bill Cody and President Theodore Roosevelt. Both T.T. Geer and Homer Davenport lived parts of their lives with Ralph and Mary Geer on their donation land claim in the Waldo Hills, known today as GeerCrest Farm

Davenport’s attachment to the farm was strong. In 1904 on a visit from New York, one early April morning he awoke and left a pencil drawing of himself on the western wall of the farmhouse. Above the drawing he wrote: “I would like to say that from this old porch, I see my favorite view of all the earth affords. It was the favorite of my dear mother and my father and my grandparents, and why shouldn’t it be the same for me, it’s where my happiest hours have been spent.”

On July 29-31, GeerCrest Farm & Historical Society, Inc. hosted the triennial Geer Family Reunion, welcoming the descendants of those two boys who were shipped to Boston.


Timothy Woodbridge Davenport (1826-1911)

Timothy Woodbridge “T.W.” Davenport, known as the Sage of Silverton, was a teacher, doctor, farmer, surveyor, Indian agent, storeowner, and legislator. He was also the father of political cartoonist Homer Davenport (1867-1912).

Davenport was born on July 30, 1826, in Columbia, New York, to Benjamin and Sarah Gott Davenport. His family moved frequently until settling for over a decade near the town of Woodstock in central Ohio, where his father had a medical practice. Dr. Davenport was an ardent abolitionist, and their home was a stop on the Underground Railroad.

In 1845, Davenport began attending medical lectures at Starling Medical Institute in Columbus, Ohio, and in 1846 he took a job as an instructor at Wilson's Academy in Woodstock. After a year, he resumed his medical studies and returned to Woodstock to practice medicine.

In the spring of 1851, Davenport, along with his parents and siblings, emigrated to Oregon, arriving that autumn in the Waldo Hills several miles south of present-day Silverton. He soon found employment as a surveyor. In 1854, he married Florinda Geer, the daughter of neighbors Ralph and Mary Geer, who had arrived in Oregon in 1847. They had four children, with only Homer and Orla surviving to adulthood. Two children died as infants from diphtheria in 1860.

In 1862, Davenport was appointed Indian agent to head the Umatilla Agency in northeast Oregon. Two years later, he was elected Marion County surveyor. From 1868 through 1872, he served in the Oregon House of Representatives, where he gained a reputation as an intelligent and progressive Republican who was not afraid to state his opinions.

In 1870, a little over three years after Homer’s birth, a virulent strain of smallpox swept through western Oregon. Florinda died in November 1870, and the family, including T.W. and the two children, contracted the disease and were quarantined on their farm for the remainder of the winter.

Davenport married Elizabeth “Nancy” Gilmour Wisner in 1872. A native of Hancock County, Illinois, she had arrived in Oregon with her parents in 1851, settling in Linn County. The Davenports sold the Waldo Hills farm in 1873 and moved to Silverton, where T.W. managed the Grange Store. In 1874, Davenport joined the Oregon Independent Party, which nominated him as its candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives. He lost the election to Democrat George Augustus La Dow from Pendleton.

Davenport was active in Silverton’s social scene, joining other prominent locals to form the Silverton Liberal Union. The organization was a precursor to the Oregon State Secular Union, which became a major voice of the so-called free-thought movement in Oregon during the late nineteenth century. He re-entered public service in 1882 when he was elected state senator.

In 1895, Governor William P. Lord named Davenport the state’s first land agent, a position he held until 1899. He was instrumental in uncovering the fraudulent sale of homestead claims in Oregon—which culminated in the Oregon Land Fraud Trials (1904-1910)—and several other western states. Incoming Governor T.T. Geer offered Davenport the position for a second term, but he declined.

Davenport published many of his writings, including several pieces for the Oregon Historical Quarterly. The two most notable focused on slavery and Native Americans in Oregon.

In 1911, Davenport, his wife, and their children moved to Pasadena, California, where it was hoped that the warmer climate would improve his failing health. He died on April 26, 1911, just three weeks after arriving. He is buried between his two sons, Timothy Clyde and Homer Calvin, in the Silverton Cemetery.

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Davenport Arabians

The Davenport bloodline is one of the original bloodlines of American Arabian breeding. In 1906, before there was even an Arabian Horse Registry, Homer Davenport realized his boyhood dream of traveling to Arabia and buying Arabians directly from the Bedouin horse breeding tribes.

Davenport was not the first English speaking importer of foundation Arabian bloodstock. Starting just over 30 years before Davenport’s trip, in the 1870s, a few people from England traveled the same desert regions and bought Arabian horses from the same tribes. These people–notably Roger Upton and the Blunts–put their travel experiences and Arabian horse lore down in books. Upton and the Blunts had apparently learned much from James Skene, British Consul in Aleppo since the 1850s. Davenport made use of the Blunt and Upton books in planning and executing his own trip. He learned the names of the principal horse breeding tribes, the various family or strain names of Arabian horses, and to insist on a sworn attestation of purity and breeding–known in Arabic as a hujja–for each horse purchased.

Davenport left the United States in July. By what has been described as a series of fortunate blunders, he was able to ship to the United States a group of 27 horses. Most of these were stud colts, an item easily and inexpensively procured from any horse breeder. Also included, however, was a real prize: eight purebred Arabian mares, along with two 1906 fillies.

Davenport was a political cartoonist, and it was thought that one of his cartoons was key to Theodore Roosevelt’s election in 1904. Thus President Roosevelt, a fellow horseman and interested in Arabians for cavalry breeding, was happy to lend diplomatic support to the expedition. Davenport’s partner in Arabian horse breeding was Boston industrialist Peter B. Bradley, who provided the financial backing. Inquiry through the Ottoman ambassador in Washington resulted in the Sultan’s issuing a permit (called an irade) for Davenport to export mares–an item illegal to export without special permission.

Anxious to be on their way, Davenport and his two traveling companions left as soon as possible after the irade foi emitido. This meant they would be in the desert during the summer, when the migrating horse breeding tribes were in their northern pastures. And for some reason, in 1906 the tribes had swung a little farther north than usual.

When Davenport arrived in Aleppo, he was not sure what to do next. But in a bazaar, he met two members of the Fidaan tribe, who told him their tribe was encamped just a few hour’s ride from Aleppo. One of them offered to conduct Davenport to the house of Akmet Haffez, a rich and powerful intermediary between the Ottoman government and the region’s Bedouin tribes. Being a man of action, Davenport went immediately to see Haffez.

This was a violation of protocol. Davenport was carrying an Imperial irade and traveling under the aegis of President Roosevelt. Propriety dictated he first call on the region’s Ottoman governor, Nazim Pasha. Haffez was so honored by Davenport’s visit that he presented two horses to the Davenport party and personally took charge of the expedition, accompanying Davenport out to the tribes, and assisting in negotiations. Davenport and Haffez became fast friends, and before the trip was out went through a blood brother ceremony which bound them together as family.

Davenport died not even six years after his importation. By then, however, most of the Davenport horses were located with Peter Bradley, who continued to breed them together until the 1920s.

Any bloodline this old should have long since been outcrossed out of existence. Yet enough people have recognized the importance of maintaining the Davenport bloodline, and bred enough foals along the way, that these horses have survived 90 years in the hands of American breeders–the majority of whom are bent on topcrossing to the latest imported outcross bloodline. The Davenports offer the intellectual fascination of owning something unique in Arabian horses animals tracing wholly to one of the breed’s foundation breeding groups. Their documented Bedouin origin is also unusual. Few other Arabian horses can show in every line uninterrupted descent from authenticated Bedouin stock.

This heritage and background would be of lesser note if the Davenport horses themselves were not so eminently appealing. They meld complex, almost human brains with the conformation of a using horse and the lithe, graceful beauty inherent to all desert creatures. Naturally there is some variation within the Davenport herd: like snowflakes no two are exactly alike, yet all are recognizable as examples of Davenport breeding, and all look like Arabians.

Among the most typical physical characteristics of Davenport horses are fine skin and coat, balanced conformation, flat bone, well let-down knees and hocks, and wideset, prominent eyes. Under saddle they are sensitive and smooth with a light and airy tread–as though riding on “wings and springs,” as one author put it. Their mental traits include intelligence and an interest in communicating not just with people but most any animal species they happen to meet. They are keenly aware of humans as fellow beings, not just another item in the catalog of their environment. The case for docility can be overstated, however. Although among the most manageable of Arabians, they are still horses, not overgrown puppy dogs, and need to be handled with sensible and responsible horsemanship.

Most Davenport horses have been bred by people interested in a friendly, companionable riding horse with traditional Arabian type. These values attracted the owners to the Davenport bloodline in the first place, along with an awareness of their history. Thus they were more likely to select matings with an eye to perpetuating rather than changing, the characteristics of Davenport horses. All Davenports are not equal, but the most glorious of them have never been surpassed as examples of the traditional Arabian horse.


Nota Histórica Retornar ao topo

Together with his father, Dr. Benjamin Davenport, Timothy Woodbridge (T.W.) Davenport set forth across the American continent in the spring of 1850. Because of misguided leadership of one of the members of their team, the Davenports decided to take an overland route from Ohio instead of opting for the quicker, water route along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to Missouri. By the time they reached Missouri, the team was months behind the rest of the pioneers on the Oregon Trail and their oxen were already showing signs of wear. This late start may have been a blessing in disguise. As the Davenports proceeded across the Great Plains they heard of the massive cholera epidemic plaguing travelers that went before them. Before they reached the rigorous Rockies, the Davenports wisely decided to return to Newark, Missouri where they would wait out the winter. In Missouri Benjamin set up a medical practice for the winter and was able to purchase a new team of oxen for the trip. In the spring of 1851 the Davenport family once again set out across the plains, this time reaching Oregon Territory in the fall of that year and settling upon a 320-acre donation claim in the Waldo Hills of the upper Willamette Valley.

The first member of the Davenport family had arrived in America from England prior to 1640, originally settling in Dorchester, Massachusetts. The family remained in the Northeast for several generations. Benjamin Davenport, father of Timothy Woodbridge, was born in Columbia County, New York in 1799, the thirteenth child of Jonathan Davenport. Jonathan Davenport died when Benjamin was young. One of the few memories that Benjamin had of his father was of Jonathan lacing up his boots and exclaiming in pain. Jonathan removed his boots and socks to find a red pimple on his foot. Jonathan popped the pimple and died soon thereafter because of an infection in his foot. While the veracity of this story is hard to determine, it may have been a spark for young Benjamin to embark upon a medical career.

Benjamin Davenport left the Northeast for a while as young man, traveling to the South. Benjamin spent five years in the South, primarily in Kentucky and Louisiana. Despite a lack of formal education, Benjamin began practicing medicine. Relying on his quick wits and sound judgment, Davenport studied in his spare time and earned a reputation as a fair physician. While in the South, Benjamin objected to slavery, and he passed this sentiment onto T.W. When he returned to the North he would become an anti-slavery Whig and his home would eventually become a stop on the Underground Railroad. Upon his immediate return he resumed his medical studies with more rigor, eventually graduating from Pittsfield Medical College in Pittsfield, Massachusetts in 1826.

In 1825 Benjamin Davenport married Sarah R. Gott. Sarah had been born in 1803 to Story Gott, a wealthy landowner from Columbia County, New York. Story Gott was a popular man, known for his generosity and Epicurean tastes, as well as his distinguished service for the patriot cause during the American Revolution.

Timothy Woodbridge Davenport was born to Benjamin and Sarah on July 30, 1826 on a farm in Columbia County, New York. He was baptized in the Presbyterian faith and named after a blind minister, Timothy Woodbridge. The twenty-six letters of this name seemed too cumbersome for such a young boy so he earned the nickname T.W. His early years were spent at his maternal grandfather’s farm while his father continued with his medical education in New York.

Benjamin remained in New York, practicing medicine, until 1830. In the spring of that year his second son, Joseph, was born. That summer, in the first of series of moves westward, Benjamin moved his family and practice to Pennsylvania. He remained in Pennsylvania for five years before moving to Ohio where he jumped from town to town, finally taking up residence in Homer, Ohio.

While in Ohio, Dr. Davenport worked as an abolitionist helping slaves escape northward as part of the Underground Railroad. This period represented one of growth for T.W. também. T.W. received the benefits of education, both in public schools and with private tutors. His studies ranged from classic Greek to Algebra and Geometry, which were beyond the normal curriculum for the time. The emphasis placed on education at an early age is clear from T.W.’s eloquent writing style. In 1845 T.W. went to Illinois as a schoolteacher and remained for two school years.

After two years as a schoolteacher in Illinois, T.W. decided to follow his father’s example and study medicine. T.W., however, was not as interested in the medical profession as his father and after one year at Sterling Medical College he returned to teaching in Woodstock, Ohio, though without much interest. When his father proposed a move across the country, T.W. jumped at the chance, planning to become a surveyor in Oregon.

The first years in Oregon were busy ones for the Davenport family. T.W. engaged in surveying and farming, but as his son Homer noted he was always a “politically minded farmer.” T.W. married his second cousin, Flora Geer, a gifted artist, and daughter of a prominent local family in 1854. In 1855 father and son, spurred by their abolitionist beliefs, helped organize the fledgling Republican Party in Oregon. This involvement led to the beginning of a political path for T.W. who would be elected to the first Republican state nominating conventions in 1858 and 1859.

While things seemed to be on an upswing for T.W. in these early years, tragedy struck in February 1857 with the death of Dr. Benjamin Davenport at the age of fifty-seven.

The outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 thrust the country into turmoil, though Oregon was able to stay out of the path of destruction. T.W.’s youngest brother Benjamin Franklin Davenport joined the Union cause, serving three years in Company C of the 1st Oregon Infantry. Being too old for military service, T.W. was asked by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, William H. Rector, to serve as Indian Agent of the Umatilla Agency in September 1862.

T.W. entered a system fraught with corruption and broken promises. Many people gave lip service to the “civilizing” mission of the reservation system, but few people believed it was possible to “reform” the Native American population. T.W. foi uma exceção. He honestly believed that he could make a difference, so he set out in October 1862 to the Umatilla Reservation in northeastern Oregon brimming with confidence.

The first action taken by T.W. upon arriving at the reservation was to appoint a man named Mr. Pinto to the position of schoolteacher. By doing so, T.W. amended a promise broken by his predecessor. This action upset the reservation doctor who wanted his wife, despite her lack of qualifications, to fill the vacancy. The reservation doctor resigned in protest, but told the reservation Indians that he had been fired, which angered the Indians. While T.W. managed to placate the outraged tribal leaders this incident illustrates how T.W.’s good intentions were met with resistance from the beginning of his term. T.W. was constantly challenged by Indians who, understandably, refused to move onto the reservation and by Army officers who expressed hatred for Indians. While he would write a fond reminiscence about his experience for the Oregon Historical Quarterly forty years later, T.W.’s term was not as successful as he hoped and he returned to the Willamette Valley in 1863 after less than a year of service.

The next few years would be ones of growing political success for T.W. He was elected Marion County surveyor in 1864 and reelected in 1866. In 1868 he was elected to the state legislature and reelected in 1870. He was nominated again in 1872, but declined the position. As always, these years of success were mixed in their blessings. While his political success grew, personal tragedy struck.

In November, 1870 T.W.’s wife Flora was struck with smallpox and died. The couple had produced four children. Their daughter Olive had died at age four and their son John did not live past infancy. After his wife’s death, T.W. became the single father of daughter Orla and his three-year-old son, Homer. That winter was a hard one for the Davenport family as T.W. grieved for his wife and, with the aid of his mother, cared for two children who were recovering from smallpox as well. The intense rains added to the isolation, darkening the already gloomy mood. Young Homer, trapped by rain and illness, spent his time drawing with intense vigor.

T.W. married Nancy Elizabeth Gilmour (Lizzie) in October 1872. Clyde was born in 1873, Adelaide (Adda) in 1875, Alice in 1878, Georgia in 1880, and May Delle in 1885. T.W.’s political career took some time to get back on track. He ran for Congress in 1874 on the Independent ticket, but his bid was unsuccessful. In 1882 he was elected to a term in the state senate and in 1895 Governor William P. Lord appointed him to a four-year term as the state land commissioner. Throughout this time T.W. continued to write political and historical essays on subjects ranging from the origin of abolitionist sentiment in Oregon to the support of William Jennings Bryan and the Populist cause.

Homer Davenport seemed to be a perfect blend of his parents. He had his father’s political sensibilities and his mother’s artistic talent. These traits combined to form a political cartoonist with a touch of genius. In fact, his mother actively tried to bear a genius. Following the advice of a eugenicist, Flora abstained from meat and salt during pregnancy and attempted to get exercise and fresh air. The key element in this design lay with the conception. The child must be conceived during daylight hours, preferably outdoors.

Homer’s artistic genius came not from art schools or scholarly study, but rather from a combination of an active imagination and a keen eye for detail. T.W. lovingly recalled the hours Homer would spend watching the interactions of barnyard animals and then recreating their actions. As he grew he would examine art books and nearby galleries, but he would not imitate the work he saw, preferring to use his imagination as a muse.

As a young man Homer grew restless. He worked at the family store for a while without much interest. Homer left home as a young man drifting from job to job, working as a railroad fireman, a jockey, and even a circus clown. His drifting led him to Portland where he landed a position as an artist for the Portland Mercury.

While in the employ of the Mercúrio, Homer was sent to New Orleans to make some drawings of the Dempsey-Fitzsimmons boxing match. While on the train he drew some pictures of an African-American minister preaching on a train in Texas. He sent these sketches to his father, who was so impressed with them that he sent them on to cousins in Chicago. As legend has it, these relatives opened the drawings while entertaining the head of the art department for the San Francisco Examiner. Homer was quickly offered a position at the larger newspaper, and he quickly accepted, beginning work in 1892.

A circulação do Examinador spread Homer’s cartoons to a larger audience. Homer soon gained a reputation for bold cartoons that were not afraid to tackle any issue, including the political machine that ran the city. These cartoons soon caught the attention of William Randolph Hearst. When Hearst purchased the New York Journal in 1895, he wooed Homer away from San Francisco and into the national spotlight.

No New York Journal Homer increased his attacks on corruption in politics, targeting the big trusts and the McKinley campaign for being beholden to big business. One figure that Homer attacked with particular vehemence was McKinley’s campaign manager “Dollar” Mark Hanna. Davenport portrayed Hanna as grossly oversized, wearing a suit covered in dollar signs and smoking a large cigar. These cartoons enraged his critics so much that they attempted to pass an anti-cartoon bill through the New York legislature in 1897. Fortunately for Davenport public opinion was on his side and the bill was defeated.

Homer Davenport’s political cartoons opened doors for him around the world. He visited the British Parliament, becoming one of the first American cartoonists to watch the assembly. With the aid of friend Theodore Roosevelt, Homer traveled to the Ottoman Empire, returning with the first purebred Arabian horses in America. These horses became his passion. Despite being the highest paid cartoonist in the nation, he preferred to remain on his New Jersey farm with his children and his beloved horses.

Homer’s life was cut short in 1912 when he died of pneumonia after covering the sinking of the Titânico. Hearst, to honor his beloved cartoonist, had his body sent back to Silverton to lay next to his father. T.W. died only a year before Homer, in 1911.

Content Description Retornar ao topo

The Davenport Family Papers are divided into five series according to family member and then collection type. The first two series are dedicated to the most famous of the Davenports, Timothy Woodbridge and Homer Calvin Davenport, who were both influential in late nineteenth century state and federal politics. The collection contains family reminiscences, correspondence, photographs, newspaper articles and cartoons by Homer Davenport.The Davenport Family Papers are divided into five series according to family member and then collection type. The first two series are dedicated to the most famous of the Davenports, Timothy Woodbridge and Homer Calvin Davenport, who were both influential in late nineteenth century state and federal politics. The collection contains family reminiscences, correspondence, photographs, newspaper articles and cartoons by Homer Davenport.

Series I, Timothy Woodbridge Davenport Papers contain the personal papers of the prominent politician and are divided into several subseries. Subseries A contains a wide correspondence from the 1860s till his death in 1911 with family members and political acquaintances, which reflects T.W. Davenport’s dedication to his family and his Republican sentiment. Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by recipient and/or by writer, and then chronologically. Subseries B contains legal documents including land deeds and a Umatilla Agency receipt roll for the Walla Walla tribe from 1862. Subseries C, Personal Writings and Essays, contains poetry, political essays, and letters to the editor. Subseries D, Memoirs, includes handwritten and typewritten memoirs by Timothy Woodbridge Davenport.

Series II, Homer Calvin Davenport Papers, contain documents that reflect his career as a political cartoonist and his love for Arabian horses and exotic birds. Subseries A, Correspondence, contains several letters to his sister, Adelaide, and his father, T.W. There are also several telegrams regarding the death of T.W., including one from former President Theodore Roosevelt. Subseries B, Newspaper Clippings, contains newspaper articles and published cartoons both by Homer Davenport and about him. Many of the newspaper clippings are glued on both sides of a page. Subseries D, Memoirs and Character Sketches, includes writings about Homer Davenport by authors Timothy Woodbridge Davenport and Jean Morris Ellis.

Series III, Miscellaneous Davenport Family Papers, is broken down into three subseries by other individual family members, for whom a substantial amount of papers are included in this collection. Subseries A, Adelaide Davenport Correspondence, includes several letters to the Davenport family biographer, Robert Down, among others. Subseries B, Lizzie (Nancy Elizabeth) Davenport Correspondence, includes several letters from her daughters and telegrams regarding the death of Homer Davenport, because Lizzie was his stepmother. Subseries C, Timothy Clyde Davenport Correspondence, is largely outgoing letters to his parents, T.W. and Lizzie, and reflects his years at a sanatorium . The final Subseries D, Miscellaneous Davenport, largely includes correspondence to and from family members and memorabilia such as the Frederic Remington monument brochure, poems from “Captain Jack” John W. Crawford, and a lock of hair from a funeral director in Los Angeles.

Series IV, Photographs, is broken in to two subseries by size. Both Subseries A and B include images of the Davenport family members, various acquaintances, and Arabian stallions and pheasants. These are arranged alphabetically first by family members, and then other individuals.

Series V, Oversize, contains more photographs in Subseries A, legal documents and awards in Subseries B, and newspaper clippings in Subseries C. Subseries D contains scrapbooks including books of Timothy Woodbridge and Homer Davenport’s deaths and newspaper clippings. Subseries E contains Homer Davenport miscellany including signed poetry by “Captain Jack” John W. Crawford, Homer Davenport’s book, The Dollar or the Man, and advertisements for his autobiography, The Country Boy. These are all arranged the same way as described above. Subseries F, Original Cartoons by Homer Davenport, contains approximately 100 drawings and are arranged by title.

Use of the Collection Retornar ao topo

Restrições de uso

Property rights reside with Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections & University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Archival may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws and other regulations.

Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g. a cause of action for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of Oregon assumes no responsibility.

If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.

Citação Preferida

[Identification of item], Davenport family Papers, Ax 242, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.


Homer Davenport - History

Silverton is conveniently located near Oregon's largest cities. It is 15 miles NE from our capital city Salem, and 45 miles South from Portland. The historical and cultural aspects of Silverton are bound to entertain travelers of all ages. There are many art galleries, antique shops, restaurants, and other attractions to keep you busy. Silverton is known as the gateway to the Silver Creek Falls State Park (the largest state park in Oregon). It is also home to The Oregon Garden.

As a community, Silverton has a successful education system serving the city's youth and its neighboring townships. The Silverton Hospital recently ranked within the top 100 hospitals in the entire country. The downtown corridor is regularly alive with homegrown businesses unique to Silverton.

There is also a bustling current of art and culture, including a collection of murals scattered throughout the town — often depicting a particular aspect of Silverton's history, like Homer's mural (right) . See if you can find them all!

Local Community and Area Attractions

The whole of Silverton Country is a wonderful
place to visit, at any time of the year!


Assista o vídeo: Дольф Лундгрен Что Стало с Легендой Боевиков 90 х


Comentários:

  1. Percyvelle

    Comece com monetização. E tão bom!

  2. Karina

    Bravo, parece -me, é uma frase brilhante

  3. Quinlan

    Sinto muito, mas na minha opinião, você está errado. Precisamos discutir. Escreva para mim em PM.

  4. Acennan

    Talvez eu concorde com sua frase

  5. Ulysses

    Na minha opinião, isso - maneira errada.

  6. Chas-Chunk-A

    Espero que você chegue à decisão correta. Não se desespere.



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